Two basic rules of international humanitarian law, namely the protection of civilians and the decent treatment of prisoners of war, are described in the following terms: "Nevertheless, as civilization has advanced during the last centuries, so has likewise steadily advanced, especially in war on land, In this article we shall not examine the first of Dunant's proposals, i.e. Such complexity should not, however, make us forget that the gist of humanitarian law can be summarized in a few fundamental principles: 1. An institution of a special nature has stepped into the breach: the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) . Better respect for humanitarian law by all States and all parties to armed conflicts will do much to help create a more humane world. In situations of armed conflict detainees benefit from protection under a different set of rules depending on their legal status. 122–125). Moreover, in its approach to governments, the ICRC chooses the course of confidential diplomacy, an approach which incidentally enables its delegates in their contacts with belligerents to use words as tough and clear as circumstances require. International Humanitarian Law provisions set out specific rules for the treatment of the Prisoners of War. 3. This protection rests on the Convention’s reaffirmation of certain rights and obligations, as well as on the mechanism of supervision embodied in the mandate of the protecting power. 5). Indeed, States retain the right to defend themselves, individually or collectively, against attacks on their independence or their territory, in response to a (legal or illegal) use of force. Or are they the same? From 1929 onward, women have enjoyed special protection under international humanitarian law. Articles 82 to 108 enumerate the penal and disciplinary sanctions: Prisoners of war who are seriously wounded or suffer from specified diseases must be repatriated directly back to their own country or to a hospital in a neutral State (Arts. The basic daily food rations must be sufficient in quantity, quality, and variety to keep prisoners of war in good health and to prevent weight loss or the development of nutritional deficiencies. This status takes into account the fact that combatants have a legitimate right to use violence, until they are captured. Prisoners of war may not be forced to do dangerous or humiliating work, and their labor must be paid (GCIII Arts. The extended definition of armed forces and combatant includes: According to the 1977 Additional Protocol I, the status of prisoner of war is linked with the objective criteria based on direct participation in the conflict, rather that legal criteria based on the formal belonging to armed forces. As such, Protecting Powers have to ensure that the belligerents fulfil their humanitarian obligations. 44.2). Its rules are the result of a delicate balance between the exigencies of warfare ( " military necessity " ) on the one hand and the laws of humanity on the other. Should any doubt arise as to whether persons, having committed a belligerent act and having fallen into the hands of the enemy, belong to any of the categories of combatant (enumerated in GCIII Art. 2. There are three answers of a legal nature to that question - and a sad conclusion: - The Charter has not completely outlawed the use of force. They shall be given appropriate care, without any discrimination. However, this person will enjoy the protections the Third Geneva Convention normally grants to prisoners of war, particularly with regard to judicial guarantees. 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